The research in the MAPPING project has led to the identification of numerous interdependencies between privacy, security and economy, which continue to be a focus of examination.
Privacy in an ICT environment nowadays is located at the intersection of three fundamental axes:
1. The need to protect efficiently the Human and Fundamental Rights to Privacy, Telecommunications Privacy and Data Protection.
2. The need to promote the ICT market by providing both start-ups and established players with a clear legal framework, which is kept open to new business models and allows developments within this market.
3. The need to provide authorities entrusted with public / national security and/or criminal investigation with a clear legal framework, which allows efficiently performing the tasks assigned to these institutions by law.
All three axes create a three-dimensional field of tension:
• Where there are strict privacy rules, new business models may be cut off from that particular market.
• Where the legal framework is too general or too unclear, both new and existing business-models are endangered.
• Where privacy, telecommunications privacy and other fundamental rights do not encounter sufficient protection by the legal framework, social, political and (eventually) economic development are at stake.
• Where public safety, stability and reliability cannot be guaranteed due to a lack of effectively identifying and averting threats from the exterior/interior and/or effectively investigating/prosecuting crime, economic and social prosperity is endangered as well.
• Where transparent democratic and legal control of those bodies in charge of state security/law enforcement is too limited, a perceived or existing insecurity endangers social and economic prosperity again.
• Policies and decisions aiming to increase the level of one of the three interests will tend to result in decreasing effects on the other two interests.
Hence, privacy, economic interests and public security interests are strongly interlinked. Therefore, it is of fundamental importance to maintain and develop a legal framework suitable to encounter the issues raised by effectively balancing out the three controversial aforementioned axes in a politically, technically, economically and socially constantly changing and developing environment.