The fundamental right to privacy is laid down in legal acts of different legal bodies.

UN: Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217(III) A): “No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honor and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.”

Council of Europe (CoE): Article 8 “Right to respect for private and family life” of the European Convention on Human Rights (“Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms”, Rome 4 October 1950 as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14, supplemented by Protocols Nos. 1, 4, 6, 7, 12 and 13): “1. Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence. 2. There shall be no interference by a public authority with the exercise of this right except such as is in accordance with the law and is necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety or the economic wellbeing of the country, for the prevention of disorder or crime, for the protection of health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.”

European Union (EU): Article 7 “Respect for private and family life” of the Charta of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, proclaimed in 2000, legally binding on the EU with the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009: “Everyone has the right to respect for his or her private and family life, home and communications.”

On EU Member States‘ level the fundamental right to privacy may be laid down in the distinctive national law (either in a law valid anywhere in the Member State, or in a law applicable only in a certain area or region of the Member State), for example in the constitutions.